Scientific Institute of Innovative Technologies
Last update: 26.11.2015 at 16:00
The head of the Department of Education and Researches – Karpenko Mykola Dmytrovych.
+38 0 (512) 58-03-25
The Specialist of the 1st category – Chayka Tetyana Oleksandrivna.
+38 0 (512) 58-03-25
The Scientific Institute of innovative technologies meaning is the subdivision of MNAU which was created according to the necessity of innovative development in the sphere of agricultural education and industry.
The goal of Institute activity is:
- Management of innovative technologies creation for the producing, educational, scientific needs and human resources and intellectual image of the University;
- learning of future prospects of our existing and foreign innovative technologies usage in agrarian industry and activity of Universities;
- implementation of innovative technologies into the producing and scientific-educational activity, forming and developing of University's cultural and intellectual image and;
- management of widening and commercial value of innovative technologies which were created by University's scientists ion Ukraine and abroad.
The main tasks of the Institute's activity:
- promotion of home system of Higher Agrarian education and science integration into world system and its parity entering into the educational world space;
- developing of innovative activity of University and region;
- working out of proposals as for projects of innovative technologies into agrarian industry and activity of Universities implementation;
- intensive increasing of scientific innovative and educational activity of the University correspondence with international standards of education;
- creation of efficiency conditions for using of scientific and educational potential of the University;
- formation of innovative attractiveness of the University to financial support of science activity, educational process and innovative programs;
- promotion of scientific and technical workings of the University to the local and foreign market;
- developing of partnership in the sphere of innovative activity and agricultural industry, governmental and social establishments;
- taking part at the integration of educational, scientific activity of the University with the production by the valid creation of scientific and educational unifications;
- Revelation of patentable innovative technologies which are created on the basis of University;
- monitoring of innovative technologies in the agrarian production and University activity directions;
- Arrangement of innovative technologies transfer;
- Fulfillment of payment services and works according to the enterprises' orders and private needs;
- Arrangement of regional, Ukrainian and international conferences, seminars, congresses as for actual questions of creation and implementation of innovative technologies in agrarian production and University's activity.
The activity of the Institute:
- arrangement and realization of scientific researches as for creation of innovations;
- Arrangement of educational process, technologies of study and training means;
- Arrangement of scientific, cultural, image and educational activity of the University;
- Practical training of specialists in Agrarian sector of Economy;
- Technologies of increasing of professional skills level of pedagogical staff of the University;
- methods of University management;
- formation of the innovative technologies portfolio fro using them in the scientific researches and educational process of the University;
- realization of inventory and determination of the commercial value of scientific and technical researches which were created by the scientists of the University;
- arrangement and realization of promotion of innovative technologies and scientific researches by the taking part in conferences and exhibitions;
- taking part in arrangement and ground of scientific park, innovative centre and other structures of innovative directions;
- realization of scientific and methodological accomplishment of innovative technologies;
- realization of involvement financial investment structures for fundamental practical researches in the sphere of Agriculture and creation of new innovative technologies;
- taking part in working out of proposals to university, state, regional sectoral programs of innovative development.
The Center for Environmental Agriculture "South Organic"
Shebanin Vyacheslav – President of NNAU, Professor, Corresponding Member of NAAS of Ukraine, academician ofASHSU;
Sirenko Natalia – the Head of the Department of Finance and Credit, PhD, Professor;
Chaika Tatiana – assistant teacher of the Department of Finance and Credit, Candidate of Economic Sciences.
"The South Organic" is the centre of organic agriculture which was created as a part of the innovative and investment program with the name the "Integration of agricultural education, science, industry" of Nikolayev National Agrarian University for 2010-2017. The project has passed the certification of organic lands with the total area of ??358.3 hectares in Educational Scientific and Practical Center of the University in accordance with the requirements which are set out in Council Regulation (EC) ¹ 834/2007 and ¹ 889/2008 (the supervisory authority - LLC "Organic Standard").
Innovative investment project "The certification of organic land in ESPC of NNAU" was implemented in 2011 in order to:
- Use the latest production technology to provide for the livestock needs in theeducational process;
- Improve the efficiency of crop production.
In 2016-2017 it is also providedto implement the innovative investment project "The organization of growing aromatic and medicinal plants on organic standards," in order to:
- Teaching the methods of organic production;
- Growing aromatic and medicinal plants in accordance with the organic standards (lavender essential and thistle);
- Introduction of environmentally safe methods of medicinal plants' cultivation, to insure the conservation of all macro-and micronutrients.
2. Activity of the Organic Agriculture Centre
Activity of the Organic Agriculture Centre
The Centre of Organic Agriculture "South Organic" is a multi-centre of regional development, the activities of which are in the following tasks:
1. Production of environmentally agricultural products.
2. Taking part in the development of ecological programs of state and regional levels.
3. Development of soil conservation treatment methods.
4. Counselling assistance of environmentally agricultural enterprises in the South of Ukraine: production, storage, transportation, processing and marketing.
5. Setting of the marketing system of environmentally agricultural products in the South of Ukraine.
6. Organization of scientific research on the natural reproduction of soil fertility, technology of organic farming adoption, methods of calculation of economic efficiency.
7. Seminars, conferences, etc. on organic agriculture.
8. Training and support for publishing of scientific and methodological literature, manuals, textbooks, periodicals on the organic agriculture.
9. Participation in regional and national programs to support the development of organic agriculture.
10. Finding and attracting of investors to develop organic farming in the South of Ukraine.
11. Cooperation with other centres of organic agriculture (production), scientific, research and educational institutions, agricultural producers.
3. The essence of the organic farming.
The essence of the organic farming
The concept of "organic farming" has terminological differences in different countries of the world. The term “Organic Farming” officially adopted in the English-speaking countries of the European Union (EU), the equivalent of which in such countries as France, Italy, Portugal and the Benelux countries is a Biological Farming, in Denmark, Germany and the Spanish-speaking countries - Ecological Farming.Draft Law of Ukraine "About the production and turnover of organic agricultural products and raw materials" (¹ 9707, 13.01.2012) does not underline the organic agriculture but equates it to the production of organic products.
Therefore, organic farming can be defined as a multi-functional agro-ecological model of production of organic agricultural products with the goals, principles and methods which are based on scientific management of agricultural and ecological systems. Technology of organic farming is based on the use of biological factors for increasing of natural soil fertility, agro-ecological methods and biological means to control pests and diseases, and creating conditions for the preservation of biodiversity.[T.A. Chaika. The development of organic production in the agricultural sector: Abstract of. the candidate of economic sciences. Economics: 08.00.03 "Economics and Management of National Economy" / T. Chaika. - Nikolaev, 2012. – p. 20].
This system can independently restore the use of substances. It can be effective only with all balanced parts of the process.
Thus, when it comes to organic farming, it means not novelty or modernization, but a return to the traditions and roots, but at a new qualitative level.
Consequently, organic agriculture in the context of sustainable development is a multi-functional integrated business model of organic products' production, which provides a balanced dynamic equilibrium between the components of the integrated social, economic and ecological system for a certain period of time to consolidate economic growth and raise living standards with the help of environmental improvement. Organic farming refers to natural farming, which includes many types of (systems). It is not always possible to draw a line between tjpse systems. However, all of them have similar goals and ways to achieve them.(Figure 1, 2).
Figure 1. Targets of natural farming
Source: compiled from [Kant G. Farming without plowing / G. Kant. - M.: Kolos, 1980. - 158 p.
Figure 2. How we achieve natural farming
Source: constructed by [G. Kant agriculture without plow / G. Kant. - M.: Kolos, 1980. - 158 p.]
Technology of organic farming provides environmentally safe products with health properties. Organic production which is carried out with the use of natural soil formation process, allows to lower the cost of labor, fuel, fertilizer, to enter the expanded reproduction of soil fertility and to have a high production and environmental effects.Fertilizing system designed for the expanded reproduction of soil fertility, to develop not only environmentally products, but also the biological value in terms of: protein, gluten, sugar, vitamins, enzymes, and so on. As a result of the complex interlocking patterns of production it is possible to obtain organic agricultural production (Figure 3).
Figure 3. Goals, principles and methods of organic production in agrarian sector of Economy
Source: [ChaikaTA The development of organic production in the agricultural sector: Author. dis. the candidate of Economic sciences. Economics: 08.00.03 "Economics and Management of National Economy" /T. Chaika. - Nikolaev, 2012. – p.20]
Besides above mentioned structural and technological features, organic agriculture has the organizational and legal peculiarities, in particular:
1) legal and regulatory framework, a system of certification and control of all stages of production, processing, storage and marketing of organic agricultural products in order to ensure its compliance with consumer laws, standards and regulations;
2) labeling of organic agricultural products in order to ensure consumer awareness of the products according to the requirements of the production, processing, storage and distribution, as well as legislative and regulatory framework;
3) the need for financial and political support of producers of organic agricultural products in the transition period;
4) providing of scientific and advisory support oforganicagricultural production;
5) establishment of liability for law violating in the process of organic agricultural production.
4. The features of organic agricultural production.
5. Legislative and normative regulation of organic agriculture in Ukraine.
Legislative and normative regulation of organic agriculture in Ukraine
21.04.2011 is the date when the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Supreme Rada) adopted the Law of Ukraine "On organic production" (reg. ¹ 7003 from 19.07., 2010), which defines the legal, economic, social and institutional foundations of organic agriculture, the requirements for the cultivation, production, processing, certification, labeling, transportation, storage and marketing of organic products and raw materials.
The law, in particular, contained some provisions according to which organic products must meet the requirements which are set for the same products produced with the help of a non-organic way. According to the project, the organic products should have certificate of the quality products and should be made only from organic raw materials that meet the requirements of the Law.
According to the Draft, in organic production should not be used GMOs and GMO derived products. It is also prohibited to use crop protection by chemicals and fertilizers, the use of ionizing radiation for the treatment of organic food, feed or raw materials used in organic food or feed. ButUkrainian President dismissed the LawofVerkhovna Rada of Ukraine (20/05/2011).
Since the beginning of 2012 there is a definite strengthening of legislative initiatives in the sector of organic production in Ukraine.
6. Problems and prospects of organic agriculture development.
Problems and prospects of organic agriculture development in Ukraine
External factors that hamper the development of organic farming in Ukraine:
². Demand factors (market size, growth rate or reduce the structure of demand for products):
1. Decreaseinratesof in sales of organic products for7,5% in2009 due tofinicial crisis.
2.Distruct of theorganicproductsbecauseoftheiilegallaballing or unfair competition.
3. Insufficient amount of organic processed products.
4. There is no domestic market for organic fruit and vegetables, meat and dairy products.
II. Competitivness factors (number of main comtetitors, presence of goods substitutes, hugh level of market's borders, devision of market shares between main market participants).
III. Market factors (the number of intermediaries, the presence of the distribution network, delivery terms):
1. Difficulties in the realization of organic products on the domestic market due to a lack of processing and marketing enterprises.
2. Possible changes in the market of organic products due to the global food crisis and rising prices.
3. Slowing of the rate growth of the market due to lower standards of living.
4. Limited access to the market of domestic producers of organic products, the need for cooperation with traders.
5. Volatility of domestic agricultural markets.
6. Excess of exports of organic products in comparison with the internal market.
IV. Economicfactors(rateofexchange, inflation, changes in the level of income, state tax policy etc):
1. Higher prices for agricultural equipment, fertilizers and plant protection products
2. Reduction of demand due to lower income
3. Unstable fiscal policy in Ukraine.
V. Politicalfactors(the level of political stability in the country, the level of legal awareness of the population, the level of compliance with the law, the level of corruption in government):
1. The absence of an appropriate legislative and regulatory framework for organic agriculture.
2. There is no government policy and program support and development of organic agriculture.
3. Organic agricultural production does not have a functioning state system of control that has been accredited by the national and international levels and covers both operator control of the organic sector, and production.
4. No public rules of organic agriculture.
5. Incomplete land reform and the lack of transparent and civilized market of agricultural land.
VI. Scientific and technical factors (level of science development, innovations, government support of science, etc.). There isno support of scientific and technical research in organic agriculture from the side of thethe state.
VII. Social anddemographic factors (number, age and gender structure), fertility and mortality, the level of employment, etc.):
1. Insufficient food supply of the population with food.
2. The low level of income.
VIII. Social and cultutral factors: (traditions and humanvalues, culture of consumption, stereotypes of the population, etc.):
1. There is no a wide spread advertising of organic products in contrast to traditional food.
IX. Natural and environmental factors (climate zone, environment, attitude of people to the environmental protection)
1. Up to 90% of arable land in Ukraine have different levels of degradation that led to the lower fertility.
2. The yield and deterioration of the products' quality are low because of the bad weather conditions and other natural phenomenon with catastrophic features.
Internal factors that hamper the development of organic farming in Ukraine:
². Management (the professional level of participants their ineterset to the development of organic farming cooperation between each other)
1. Research, education and counseling in the sphere of organic production in Ukraine is in its early stage.
2. There are not enoughinformation on the situation and the causes of nature phenomena: the scale and market potential of certain goods, lack of qualified local professionals, no modern research farms, no professional training of farmers and supervisors.
3. Underdeveloped entrepreneurial skills of organic producers which leads to the lower viability and efficiency of organic production.
4. The low level of cooperation between regional and local councils, research institutions and universities on organic farming with organizations and government agencies at the state and local levels.
5. Lack of infrastructure for storage and processing of organic raw materials.
II. Production(capacities, quality of equipment, quality of products, availability of patents and licenses, product cost, reliability, supply chain of raw materials etc.):
1. Reducing of the yield of vegetable crops
2. Fraction of the area under organic vegetables in Ukraine does not exceed 4.2% of the total area of arable land with organic status.
3. Imperfect methods of organic plant cultivation and animal husbandry in accordance with the climatic conditions.
4. Necessary transition should last from 1 to 3 years.
III. Finance(production costs, availability of capital, the rate of capital turnover, profitability, etc.):
1. Lack of financial resources from domestic producers for organic production and innovation.
2. The cost of organic certification is about $300 dollarsdepending on the area of agricultural land.
3. Low profitability of vegetable crops.
IV. Innovations(rate of introduction of new products, the level of innovation, the payback period of invested capital, etc.), the lack of statistical information on innovation in organic production, and their use by domestic producers of transfer and technology of “know-how”.
V. Marketing (theproductsqualityfromthepointofviewofconsumers, brandpopularity, completeness of the range, prices, efficient advertising and reputation of the manufacturer, the efficiency of marketing systems, personnel skills, etc).
1. There is no socially responsible marketing approach of producers and marketing organizations, vendors and other participants, which is the key to the basic principles of organic production, for the initiation of market relations and cooperation.
2. Undeveloped advertising policy, the order-to-market and sale. There is no Ukrainian national logo for organic products, the population is not sufficiently acquainted with the objectives of organic farming; underdeveloped promote organic production and organic products, a lack of cooperation with producers of agricultural enterprises.
3. Consumers and farmers are not aware of the positive impact on the environment and wildlife of organic production.
4. The domestic market is underdeveloped and there is no state support of that worsens the domestic producers in the world market of organic products.
5. Prices for domestic organic products are higher for 50-300% than traditional.
6. There is lack of qualifications of the sales staff in the stores of organic products.
Organic agriculture, which is characterized by minimal use of chemical fertilizers and plant protection products, does not use genetically modified organisms, is based on respect for nature, and is also effective.In the agricultural sector of Ukraine it has significant prospects due to:
1. Climatic conditions: about 40% of Ukraine took the potentially fertile soils which are not contaminated to dangerous levels. The soils that can be used by farmers for growing of green products according to the international standards are located in North Poltava, Vinnytsia, Carpathian, South Podolsky, North-East Lugansky (Fig. 4), high humus content (3-5%) and loamy texture of chernozems provide high yields, particularly grains and oilseeds.The productive capacity of agriculture of Ukraineis used by only 30% and allows 10 times more than it was needed (so-called "law of Podolinsky").
2. Scientific and practical basis: National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Poltava State Agrarian Academy, Institute of Agroecology and management, Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, Mykolayiv National Agricultural University, Belotserkovsky National Agricultural University, Vinnitsa State Agricultural College. Studies of Russian scientists, as S. Antonets, M. Artysh, S. Begej, N. Berlach, V. Hutz, V.Vovk, M. Kapshtyk, W. Kisiel, M. Kobets, Y. Manko, E. Milovanov, V. Pisarenko, A. Pisarenko, J. Primack, M. Fisher, P. Stetsishin, V. Pindus, V. Rekunenko, O.Hodakivska, M. Shikula, I. Shuvar and others.
3. Experienceof organic agricultural producers, such as: PE "Agroecology", PAE "Derkul" PAE "Zarya", SOOO Plemzavod "Radost", the group of agricultural companies EtnoProdukt, Union Farm "Pyatidni" APE "Rat" PE "Galex-Agro" and others.
4. Domestic supply of agricultural machinery from: JSC "Hmelnikselmash", JSC "CB" Berdyanskselmash", JSC "Galechina-Machine Plant", OJSC "Umanfermmash", JSC "Borex", JSC "Belotserkovselmash", "Plant "Fregat", JSC "Krasnaya star".
5. The presence of biological plant protection products and fertilizers from domestic manufacturers Ltd. "Terravita", JSC "BIOVETFARM", "Center of Biotechnology", VKPF "Ganol", LLC "BTU-Center", NTV "Revival", "Company Besta", "Agrofirma Hermes", MEF "Aqua Vita", LLC "HB Biolend" and others.
6. Informational and consultin services for organic market's: Federation of Organic Movement of Ukraine, Swiss-Ukrainian project "The certification in organic agriculture and organic market development in Ukraine" (FiBL, the International Public Associated Biorefineries "BIOLan Ukraine" LLC, "Organic Standard", Centre of Organic agriculture "Poltava-organic", the Ukrainian public organization "Association Agroekologiv Ukraine", the club organic Agriculture, Agro-ecological Center in Poltava, center of environmental safety of consumers "Ekostandart", Union of Organic agricultural production "natural products", online shopping "Nature Boutique" and "OrganikEra" and others.
7. Regulatory framework that supports and encourages the development of organic production in Ukraine, limits the use of genetically modified organisms.
8. The growing demand for organic agricultural products according to the studies of more than 60% of the population wants to buy these products.
9. Protection of the environment and high quality products: organic farming is a production philosophy that ensures respect for the environment, the preservation of public health and the future generations, tolerant attitude to agricultural animals.
Figure. 4. Suitability of the Ukrainianarea for growing of organic agricultural products
Source: [Kisil V.I. Biological farming in Ukraine: problems and prospects / V.I. Kisil - Kharkov: Barcode, 2000. - 161 p.]
Consequently, the market prospects of organic agricultural products in Ukraine are:
1) political: the formation of the legislative and regulatory framework for governing of organic production in Ukraine and the use of GMOs, the country's image as a producer of organic agriculture, regional policy which is able to support organic production;
2) organizational: the experience of domestic manufacturers in the production of organic products, qualified management and operating, innovation technologies;
3) technological: an increase of the grain and oilseeds yield, with the requirements of organic farming, the availability and accessibility of the necessary agricultural equipment, organic fertilizers and biological plant protection, provision of material resources;
4) energy: the use of resourcesaving technologies, the search for renewable energy sources, the gradual development of waste-free production, saving fuel;
5) economic: the cost of organic agricultural production is higher for 30% than traditional, reducing the cost of fuel, there are no costs for fertilizers and plant protection products, and financial support to foreign organizations;
7) climatic and ecological: the availability of land which is suitable for organic farming, the untapped potential of agriculture, a positive impact on the environment;
8) social: positive effects of organic agricultural products on the health, rural development, increasing employment of villagers, the development of social and cultural institutions of rural areas, the development of "green" tourism, exchange of experience between the foreign and domestic organic market participants.
Our conclusions are based on the interest of domestic consumers in organic food. As today, the quality of the food products is worse than it was. And the impact of certain foods on human health remains unexplored.
In this regard, the majority of consumers in Ukraine tend to lead healthy lifestyles and consumption of healthy products because food is an integral part of a full life and a high level of working efficiency.
THE DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATIONAL COMMUNICATIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND EXHIBITIONS
01.09.2011 on the basis of the Institute the Department of informational communicative technologies and exhibitions was created with the goal of image improving and mobility of agrarian activity and popularization of MNAU.
The head of the Department – Ivanov Volodymyr Yuriyovych